“Warping” refers to putting a set of warp threads (also called warp ends) onto a loom. The method you choose depends on the type of loom:
- Weaving cards, inkle looms, and frame looms are generally warped only in one way—see the product page for your loom to find its assembly manual and videos.
- The original Tapestry Loom, Arras Tapestry Loom, and Arras Tapestry Loom with Beam Kit are generally warped only in one way—see the product page for your loom to find assembly manuals and videos.
- Rigid heddle looms can be warped directly or indirectly. You can choose based on preference and/or your specific warp needs for a particular project.
- In the direct method, you measure the warp length and begin threading the heddle in one step. You need the warping peg that comes with your Cricket or Flip loom. It’s a quick and easy way to warp that works well for rigid heddle looms. Find complete instructions and a video on the product page for the Cricket Loom or in the Flip Loom manual. We recommend this method for projects that use only one warp yarn, or that have wide stripes, or that use clasped warp.
- In the indirect method, you need a warping board or a warping peg set so you can wind a warp chain with a cross. The cross helps keep all the warp ends in order. The indirect method will be more convenient if your project’s warp has frequent color changes—you can wind multiple strands of yarn at once.
- Shaft looms are generally warped with warp chains (that is, indirectly). You can choose to warp your shaft loom from front to back or back to front.
There are many variations possible: some weavers combine front to back and back to front; some weavers wind chains with two crosses. Some weavers switch between methods, depending on weave structure or color patterning. You can choose based on preference and/or your specific warp needs for a particular project. These books discuss different methods of warping and how to choose between them.