Monmouth Cotton Coverlet
Designed and woven by Malynda Allen
Handwoven coverlets similar to this one were commonly found in Colonial America. Most household linens and clothing were woven to be used and worn out, but coverlets added beauty to a home. Made of a plain, natural cotton or linen ground cloth and handspun dyed wool woven throughout to form the pattern, they kept many people warm at night from the 1770s to the 1860s, or about the American Revolution until the Civil War (and beyond in some less industrialized areas of America).
This queen-size coverlet boasts a popular pattern from that era sometimes called "Monmouth." I have woven this one from 100% cotton so that is easier to wash and care for. Two colors give the pattern depth, and I have adjusted the treadling to keep the pattern balanced and in pleasing proportions for the yarns I chose. My coverlet also features a handwoven fringed tape trim, reminiscent of the fringe on traditional coverlets. The tape trim was woven separately on the same loom as the coverlet. A heavy floating selvedge spaced away from the main threads creates a looped fringe that will not unravel.
I have allowed one extra yard in the coverlet warp for sampling so you can be assured that your coverlet will turn out well, too.
Finished size: 86" wide x 97" long hemmed, excluding fringe tape
Weave structure: overshot
Number of warp ends: 563 ends (includes floating selvedges)
Warp length: 12-1/4 yds (includes 36" for sampling and 24" for loom waste)
Width in reed: 35 inches
PPI: 16 in tabby for hems, 24 in pattern section (12 tabby wefts and 12 pattern wefts)
Finished size (after washing): 3-1/2" x 347" (323" washed fringe tape is needed for the coverlet)
Weave structure: overshot with double tabby
Number of warp ends: 27 plus 2 floating selvedges
Warp length: 11 yds
Width in reed: 3-7/8" total (the band is 1-11/16" wide plus 2" fringe)
PPI: 54 (36 tabby wefts and 18 pattern wefts)
What You'll Need
- Warp: Georgia Yarn Company 8/2 cotton (3360 yds./lb.), 7,000 yds in Natural.
- Tabby weft: Georgia Yarn Company 8/2 cotton, 5,000 yds in Natural.
- Pattern weft: Valley Cotton 3/2 perle cotton (1260 yds./lb), 3500 yds in Sapphire Blue and 1100 yds in Celestial Blue.
- Warp: Georgia Yarn Company 8/2 cotton, 350 yds in Natural; 8/4 cotton carpet warp or other thick, strong, smooth yarn, 12 yds in any color.
- Weft: Georgia Yarn Company 8/2 cotton, 800 yds in Natural; Valley Cotton 3/2 perle cotton, 800 yds in Sapphire Blue.
- 4-shaft loom with at least 36" weaving width—I recommend a 36" Standard Floor Loom
- 8-dent reed
- sectional beam (recommended due to the length of the warp, but not required)
- 3 shuttles and 3 bobbins
- tapestry needle
Materials for Coverlet
Materials for Fringe Tape
This project has long instructions and weaving drafts—please download the PDF.
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